An abbreviation is a way to write a word not using the complete spelling. Abbreviations are an efficient way to write text, but it lowers text comprehension and increases ambiguity. Acronyms are a specialized form of abbreviations, usually using the first letters of each word in a multi-word phrase.
Identifying abbreviations often depends on detecting the simple template Long-Form (Short-Form). After identification a consensus view should be reached on all ambiguous long forms. Distinctions should be made between different long forms with the same semantic meaning versus long forms of different concepts.
This article is part of the project Periodic Table of NLP Tasks. Click to read more about the making of the Periodic Table and the project to systemize NLP tasks.